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What is HTTP?

HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. It is the foundation of data communication on the World Wide Web, making it possible for web servers and browsers to communicate with each other.

The protocol enables requests and responses between clients (web browsers) and servers, allowing them to exchange information in the form of text, images, videos, audio files or any other media content available online. HTTP uses a client-server model where a client sends an HTTP request message to the server which responds with an HTTP response message.

HTTP was first introduced in 1991 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee at CERN as part of his vision for creating a global hypertext system that would facilitate sharing and accessing information over the internet.